Jack Russell Terrier

Breed Details


Exercise Requirements:

Grooming Requirements:


6-8 kg (approx)

Life Span:

15+ years (approx)


A sturdy, tough terrier, very much on its toes all the time. It should present a compact, balanced image, always being in solid, hard condition. The head should be well balanced and in proportion to the body. The nose should be black. The jaw should be powerful and well boned with strongly muscled cheeks. Eyes Should be almond-shaped, dark in colour, and full of life and intelligence. The ears are small "V" shaped drop ears carried forward close to the head and of moderate thickness. The chest should be shallow, narrow and the front legs not too widely apart, giving an athletic, rather than heavily chested appearance. The tail should be set rather high, carried gaily and in proportion to body length, usually about four inches long, providing a good handhold. The coat is smooth, without being so sparse as not to provide a certain amount of protection from the elements and undergrowth. There is also a rough-coated variety. Colours, white should predominate (i.e., must be more than 51% white) with tan, black, or brown markings. Gait movement should be free, lively, well-coordinated with straight action in front and behind.


The breed was named after a clergyman named Rev. John Russell. They were used as a small game hunting dog particularly for red fox, digging the quarry out of its den in the mid-1800s. On English hunts, the dogs needed to be legged enough to keep up with the hounds. Breeders had emphasized its working ability, so the standard was very broad, allowing a wide range of accepted body types


The Jack Russell Terrier is a cheerful, merry, devoted, and loving dog. Spirited and obedient, yet absolutely fearless. Careful and amusing, he enjoys games and playing with toys. Stable Jack's are friendly and generally kind to children. They will thrive with a job to do. The Jack Russell Terrier must present a lively, active, and alert appearance. It should impress with its fearless and happy disposition. It should be remembered that Jack Russell is a working terrier and should retain these instincts.


The Jack Russell Terrier is a pleasant companion when it is sufficiently exercised; however, if they do not get enough, they may become a nuisance. They need to be taken on a long, daily, brisk walk. In addition, he will be in his glory with space to run, hunt, and play. All coat types are easy to groom. Comb and brush regularly with a firm bristle brush, and bathe only when necessary.