Chihuahua (Long Coat)

Breed Details

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Appearance

The Chihuahua is a tiny toy sized dog but is alert with a definite idea of their own importance. The body is longer than it is tall. Their head is well rounded, apple in shape and their muzzle is short and pointed with a well-defined stop. The large, round eyes are set well apart and are dark, and may be lighter in white dogs. The erect ears are large, and dewclaws may be removed. The tail is long and curled over the back. The coat comes in both a short coat or a long, wavy or flat coat. All colours, solid, marked or splashed are accepted. Colours include, but are not limited to, black, white, chestnut, fawn, sand, silver, sable, steel blue, black & tan and parti-coloured.

History

This is the oldest breed on the American continent and the smallest breed in the world. Native to Mexico, where it received its name from the Mexican State of Chihuahua. It was only brought to Europe at the end of the nineteenth century. What breeds were used to make up the Chihuahua are unclear, but some think it originated from the Fennec Fox. When brought out of Mexico the theory is that the Smooth Coat was cross bred with either or both the Pomeranian or Papillon to achieve the Long Coat variety.

Temperament

The Chihuahua is a good companion dog; courageous, extremely lively, proud and adventurous, they enjoy affection. Brave, cheerful and agile, they are loyal and become attached to their owners. They are intelligent, learn quickly, and respond well to proper, firm but gentle training.

Care/Grooming

The smooth, short-haired coat should be gently brushed occasionally or simply wiped over with a damp cloth. The long coat should be brushed daily with a soft bristle brush. Bathe both types about once per month, taking care not to get water in the ears. Check the ears regularly and keep the nails trimmed. This breed is an average shedder. They are good little dogs for apartment life. The Chihuahua likes warm weather and dislikes the cold. They need space just like any other dog. Because they are small does not mean they can be kept in a very small area. They also like a regular walk.

Breeders